The Case for Cold Calling

Asking students to raise their hands to signal that they have an answer is a staple of classrooms everywhere. But what if Susie never raises her hand? Calling on her anyway would put her on the spot, and make her wonder why you asked kids to raise their hands in the first place.

But what if you never asked for raised hands? What if your whole class felt accountable for thinking through an answer--however accurate--whenever you asked a question?

That's what you can achieve if you normalize Cold Calling -- that is, calling on students who aren't actively volunteering an opinion.