Challenging (All) Students

Running a Turn & Talk


You know that kids should be participating - all of them, as often as possible. And you know that your job is to get them thinking, writing, and saying smart things. The Turn and Talk is a teaching strategy designed to improve both the participation and thinking ratio of your lessons. It seems like a pretty simple and intuitive teacher move: it's kids turning, and talking, in pairs. But unless you plan strategically, you won't get your students talking or thinking at a rigorous level. This Mini will walk you through the nuance of planning and executing effective Turn & Talks.

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Additional Resources

“Surviving Your Rookie Year of Teaching” MOOC

This free, open-enrollment Coursera class explains 3 high leverage ideas and techniques to help teachers thrive in their first (or fifteenth) year of teaching.

Related Minis

Ratio: All Students Thinking Hard

They’re turning. They’re talking. They’re thinking hard. You rock, teach! Want to know why you rock? Watch “Ratio” to learn more about why engaging all students with rigorous work is crucial to running an effective classroom.

How Classroom Learning Happens

Participation and rigor are but two sub-variables in the equation that yields classroom learning. Click here to learn about the other factors a teacher must consider to promote as much learning as possible.